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English USA Lesson 32 Giving the Specific Time of Events 表示事件的确切时间

2005-08-23    来源:http://www.dmhes.com.cn    【大乐透走势图浙江      普特网校:美国外教1对1

本文地址:http://www.dmhes.com.cn/html/course/basicEnglish/20050823/6830.html
文章摘要:English USA Lesson 32 Giving the Specific Time of Events 表示事件的确切时间,发往免费送票阿西莫,仙境七星路年年。

新概念| 重新定义经典英语教材


Conversation A : At Home in the Evening
?
EILEEN: Did you finish your work??
MARTIN: Yes, I did. Where are the children??
EILEEN: Sue is reading. Alan is dressing.?
MARTIN: Dressing??
EILEEN: For the party. He's going to a party tonight.?
MARTIN: Oh, yes. That's right. When is the party??
EILEEN: The party begins at ten o'clock.?
MARTIN: Is he dressing now? It's only seven o'clock.?
EILEEN: I know. But he's dressing. The party is important. Martin, are you going to take Sue to the movies tomorrow??
MARTIN: I can. Does she want to go tomorrow??
EILEEN: Yes, she does. When is your meeting tomorrow??
MARTIN: In the morning.?
EILEEN: When is the meeting??
MARTIN: At eleven o'clock.?
EILEEN: Can you go to the movies in the afternoon??
MARTIN: Yes, I can. When??
EILEEN: At four o'clock.?
MARTIN: OK.?
EILEEN: Sue wants to go to Jennifer's house tomorrow. She can go in the morning.
MARTIN: When is dinner??
EILEEN: You didn't eat lunch. Do you want dinner??
MARTIN: Very much!?
EILEEN: Dinner is at seven-thirty.?
SUE: Hi. May I come in??
MARTIN: Of course.?
SUE: Did you finish your work??
MARTIN: Yes, I did.?
SUE: Can we go to the movies tomorrow??
MARTIN: Yes, we can.?
SUE: When??
MARTIN: In the afternoon.?
SUE: Can we go at six o'clock? I want to go to Jennifer's house.?
MARTIN: That's very late. You have school on Monday. Let's go at four o'clock.
SUE: When can I go to Jennifer's house??
EILEEN: You can go to Jennifer's house in the morning.?
SUE: May I phone Jennifer now??
EILEEN: No. It's time for dinner.?
SUE: When may I phone her??
EILEEN: After dinner.?
SUE: When is dinner??
EILEEN: At seven-thirty.?
MARTIN: Dinner In a few minutes.?
SUE: OK. I'm going to read.?
EILEEN: I'm going to finish dinner. Come help me.?
MARTIN: OK.?

Practice 1:情态动词 may 和 can 在构成疑问句时,都用倒装句型,移到主语之前,有时都可表示“可以”的意思,但 may 有“许可”的含义,can 有“能够”的含义。?
Examples:
  SUE: May I come in??
MARTIN: Of course.?
SUE: May I phone Jennifer now??
EILEEN: No. It's time for dinner.?
SUE: Can we go to the movies tomorrow??
MARTIN: Yes, we can.?
SUE: Can we go at six o'clock??
MARTIN: No, that's very late.?
SUE: When can I go to Jennifer's house??
EILEEN: You can go to Jennifer's house in the morning.?

Practice 2:比较笼统的时间用语,一般表示一段时间。确切的时间用语常常由一个数字,后面加上 o'clock(点钟)构成。?
Example One:?EILEEN: Tonight.?Tomorrow.?
MARTIN: In the morning.?
EILEEN: In the afternoon.?
MARTIN: On Monday.
EILEEN: After dinner.?
MARTIN: In a few minutes.?
Example Two:?MARTIN: At seven o'clock.?At eleven o'clock.?
EILEEN: At four o'clock.?At seven-thirty.?
SUE: At six o'clock.?
MARTIN: At four o'clock.?
?

会话A : 晚上在家里?
艾  琳:你干完工作了吗??
马  丁:是的,干完了。孩子们在哪儿??
艾  琳:苏在看书,艾伦在穿衣打扮。?
马  丁:穿衣打扮??
艾  琳:为了参加晚会,他今晚将参加一个晚会。?
马  丁:噢,是的。对了,晚会什么时候开始??
艾  琳:晚会10点开始。?
马  丁:他现在正在穿衣打扮吗?才7点。?
艾  琳:我知道。但他已在穿衣打扮,因为晚会很重要。马丁,明天你将带苏去看电影吗?
马  丁:我能带她去,她明天想去吗??
艾  琳:是的,她想去。你明天什么时候开会??
马  丁:在上午。?
艾  琳:会议什么时候举行呢??
马  丁:11点。?
艾  琳:你能在下午去看电影吗??
马  丁:是的,能。什么时候。?
艾  琳:4点。?
马  丁:好吧。?
艾  琳:苏明天想去詹尼弗家,她可以上午去。?
马  丁:晚饭什么时候开饭??
艾  琳:你还没吃午饭,你想吃晚饭吗??
马  丁:非常想吃。?
艾  琳:晚饭在7点半。?
苏    :你们好,我可以进来吗??
马  丁:当然可以。?
苏    :你干完工作了吗??
马  丁:是的,干完了。?
苏    :我们明天能去看电影吗??
马  丁:是的,能去。?
苏    :什么时候??
马  丁:在下午。?
苏    :可以6点去吗?我想去詹尼弗家。?
马  丁:那太晚了,你星期一还要上学。咱们四点去。?
苏    :我什么时候能去詹尼弗家呢??
艾  琳:你可以在上午去詹尼弗家。?
苏    :我现在可以给詹尼弗打个电话吗??
艾  琳:不可以,现在是吃晚饭时候。?
苏    :那我什么时候可以给她打电话??
艾  琳:晚饭后。?
苏    :什么时候吃晚饭??
艾  琳:7点半。?
马  丁:几分钟后。?
苏    :好吧,我去看书。?
艾  琳:我去把晚饭准备好,来帮我一把。?
马  丁:好吧。

Conversation B
?
EILEEN: I'm going to call children.?
MARTIN: I'm going to get some water.?
EILEEN: OK. Alan! Sue!?
EILEEN: Did you finish your book, Sue??
SUE: Yes, I did.?
ALAN: Did you like it? I read that book four years ago.?
SUE: Yes, I liked it.?
ALAN: That book is for boys.?
SUE: No, it isn't.?
ALAN: Yes, it is.?
EILEEN: No, it isn't, Alan. I read that book many years ago.?
ALAN: Dad??
MARTIN: Don't ask me. I don't want to say. I read it, too. Alan, when are you coming home??
ALAN: In the morning. At nine o'clock.?
EILEEN: Are you going to have breakfast??
ALAN: Yes.?
EILEEN: When are you going to have breakfast??
ALAN: We're going to have breakfast there, in the morning. When is your meeting, Dad??
MARTIN: The meeting is at eleven o'clock.?
ALAN: May I come home at eleven o'clock? You can meet me at the Itoh's house.?
MARTIN: No. You come home at nine o'clock. I want you to come before my meeting.
ALAN: OK.?
SUE: Alan, can you come to the movies with us??
ALAN: When are you going to the movies??
SUE: At four o'clock.?
ALAN: What movie are you going to see??
SUE: We're going to see the Walt Disney movie.
ALAN: That's for children.?
SUE: Daddy's going with me.?
ALAN: I don't want to see a movie for children.?
EILEEN: Alan, it's not for children.?
ALAN: I have to study in the afternoon.?
SUE: Can you study in the evening??
ALAN: I have to study in the afternoon and in the evening.?
SUE: When are you going to study??
ALAN: I'm going to study after lunch and after dinner.?
EILEEN: When are you going to work??
ALAN: I'm not going to work tomorrw. I have to work on Monday.?
EILEEN: When are you going to work on Monday??
ALAN: At seven-thirty.?
MARTIN: In the evening??
ALAN: No. In the morning.?
EILEEN: Before school??
ALAN: Of course. I'm going to work at seven-thirty and then I'm going to school at eight-thrity.?
MARTIN: I don't like you to work in the morning.?
ALAN: I'm going to work only this week.?

Practice 3:时间短语通常由介词或副词与表示时间的名词一起构成。表示“几点几分”用英文“小时+连字符+分钟”表示,也可以用阿拉伯数字“小时+:+分钟”表示。表示“在几点几分”,用介词 at。?
Example One:
?    ALAN: Four years ago.?
EILLEN: Many years ago.?
ALAN: In the morning.?
MARTIN: Before my meeting.?
ALAN: In the afternoon.?
In the evening.?
After lunch.?
After dinner.?
Tomorrow.?               
On Monday.?
EILEEN: Before school.?
ALAN: This week.?
Example Two:?
ALAN: At nine o'clock.?
MARTIN: At eleven o'clock.?
SUE: At four o'clock.?
ALAN: At seven-thirty. (At 7:30)?
ALAN: At eight-thirty. (At 8:30)?

会话B?
艾  琳:我去叫孩子们来吃饭。?
马  丁:我去拿些水。?
艾  琳:好了,艾伦!苏!?
艾  琳:苏,你看完书了吗??
苏    :是的,我看完了。?
艾  伦:你喜欢那本书吗?我4年前看的那本书。?
苏    :是的,我喜欢。?
艾  伦:那本书是写给男孩子读的。?
苏    :不,它不是。?
艾  伦:是的,它是的。?
艾  琳:不,它不是,艾伦。我许多年前读过那本书。?
艾  伦:爸爸??
马  丁:别问我,我不想表态,我也读过那本书。艾伦,你什么时候回家??
艾  伦:在上午,9点钟。?
艾  琳:你吃早饭吗??
艾  伦:是的。?
艾  琳:你什么时候吃早饭??
艾  伦:我们早上将在那里吃早饭。爸爸,你什么时候开会??
马  丁:11点。?
艾  伦:我可以在11点回家吗?你可以在伊藤家接我。?
马  丁:不行,你得在9点回家,我要你在我开会前回家。?
艾  伦:好吧。?
苏    :艾伦,你能和我们一起去看电影吗??
艾  伦:你们什么时间去看电影??
苏    :4点。?
艾  伦:你们将看什么电影??
苏    :我们将看沃尔特·迪斯尼电影。?
艾  伦:那是给小孩看的。?
苏    :爸爸将和我一起去。?
艾  伦:我不想去看儿童片。?
艾  琳:艾伦,那不是给小孩看的。?
艾  伦:我下午得学习。?
苏    :你不能在晚上学习吗??
艾  伦:我在下午和晚上都得学习。?
苏    :你将在什么时间学习??
艾  伦:我将在午饭后和晚饭后学习。?
艾  琳:你什么时候去工作??
艾  伦:我明天没有工作,我得在星期一工作。?
艾  琳:你星期一什么时候工作??
艾  伦:7点半。?
马  丁:在晚上吗??
艾  伦:不是,在早上。?
艾  琳:上学前??
艾  伦:当然了,我将在7点半工作,然后8点半分去上学。?
马  丁:我不喜欢你在早上工作。?
艾  伦:我只这一周去工作。

New Words and Expressions 生词和短语?

dress    v. 穿衣打扮?
lunch   n. 午餐?
dinner   n. 晚餐?
breakfast   n. 早餐?

Language Points 语言要点?

It's time for dinner. 到吃晚饭的时间了。It's time 后接 for+名词,意为“该……”,“到……的时间了”。例如:?
It's time for class. 到上课时间了。?
It's time for lunch. 到吃午饭的时间了。?
It's time 后还可接不定式,例如:?
It's time to buy a new car. 该买辆车了。?
It's time for you to go to bed. 该上床睡觉了。?
当我们要说其他人该做某事了,常用“It's time+主语+动词过去式”结构,虽然用的是过去时结构,但表示的是现在或将来的含义。
例如:?
It's time you went to bed. 你该上床睡觉了。?
It's time she washed that dress. 她该洗那件衣服了。?
I'm getting tired —— it's time we went home. 我有点累了,我们该回家了。
?

Cultural Notes  文化注释

大多数美国人说时间都是先说几点,然后说几分。例如:7点25分,英语是 seven twenty-five (7:25)。要把时间说得更清楚些,还要加上 a.m. (或 AM 或 A.M.)或 p.m.(或 PM 或P.M.)。a.m.(上午)是拉丁文 anti meridiem 的缩写,p.m. 是 post meridiem 的缩写。
美国人说日期通常先说月,后说日,最后说年。日期前的定冠词经常省略。例如:1992年5月20日的英语是 May 20th, 1992。

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