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English USA Lesson 20 Introduction of Family Member 介绍家庭成员

2005-08-23    来源:http://www.dmhes.com.cn    【大乐透走势图浙江      普特网校:美国外教1对1

本文地址:http://www.dmhes.com.cn/html/course/basicEnglish/20050823/6818.html
文章摘要:English USA Lesson 20 Introduction of Family Member 介绍家庭成员,杰出故旧不弃有谁,近些年汇款人膺品。

新概念| 重新定义经典英语教材


Conversation A : At a Family Reunion?

MARTIN: Why do you have the family reunion, Mr. Kessler??
CHUCK: We have a large farm. We have a large house, too.?
MARTIN: Is the family reunion very large??
CHUCK: We have thirty or forty families. Have you met my wife, Martin??MARTIN: No, I haven't. Good morning, Mrs. Kessler.?
YVONNE: Call me Yvonne. I'm happy to meet you. You're a reporter.?MARTIN: Yes, I am. I want to meet these men and women.?
YVONNE: We have about forty men and women.?
CHUCK: We have about sixty children.?
YVONNE: It's a large reunion.?
CHUCK: Come meet some Kesslers.?
MARTIN: Are these men and women all Kesslers??
CHUCK: Some are married to Kesslers. This is my father.?
MARTIN: Hello, Mr. Kessler.?
FATHER: Hello. Are you a Kessler??
MARTIN: No, I'm not. I'm Martin Learner. I'm a reporter.?
FATHER: Have you met my wife??
MARTIN: Hello, Mrs. Kessler. I'm happy to meet you.
MARTIN: What do you do, Mrs. Kessler?
MOTHER: I'm a housewife.?
MARTIN: Do you have more children??
MOTHER: Only there. We have two daughters and one son.?
MARTIN: Where do they live??
MOTHER: Our son, Chuck, lives here, of course. One daughter lives in St Louis. One daughter lives in Fargo.?
MARTIN: What do you do, Mr. Kessler?
FATHER: I'm a salesman.?
MARTIN: What do you sell??
FATHER: I sell seed corn.?
MARTIN: I'm happy to meet you. Excuse me, I want to meet more Kesslers.?MARTIN: Hello. I'm Martin Learner. Are you a Kessler??
KAREN: Of course. I'm Karen Kessler. This is my sister.?
KENDRA: I'm Kendra. How are you??
MARTIN: Fine, thanks.?
KAREN: Are you married to a Kessler??
MARTIN: No, I'm not.?
KENDRA: Are you married??
MARTIN: Yes, I am.?
KAREN: What do you do??
MARTIN: I'm a reporter. May I ask you some questions??
KAREN: OK.?
MARTIN: Do you have any brothers??
KAREN: No, I have only my sister.?
MARTIN: Are you married??
KAREN: No, I'm not. Kendra is married.?

Practice 1:询问别人家庭情况的一个常用句型是 Do you have...。?
Examples:  MARTIN: Do you have a wife??           
CHUCK: Yes, I have a wife.?           
MARTIN: Do you have children??           
MOTHER: We have two daughters and one son.?          
            MARTIN: Do you have any brothers??           
KAREN: No, I have only my sister.?

会话 A  在一个家庭聚会上?
马  丁:凯斯勒先生,你为什么举办这个家庭聚会呢??
查  克:我们有个大农场,我们的房子也很大。?
马  丁:这次的家庭聚会规模很大吗??
查  克:有三四十个家庭参加。马丁,你见过我妻子伊冯了吗??
马  丁:没有,早上好,凯斯勒太太。?
伊  冯:叫我伊冯好了。很高兴见到你,你是记者吧。?
马  丁:是的。我想见见这些先生和女士们。?
伊  冯:这里大约有40位。?
查  克:这里大约有60个孩子。?
伊  冯:这是个大型聚会。?
查  克:来和一些凯斯勒家族成员见见面。?
马  丁:这些人都是凯斯勒家族成员吗??
查  克:一些是与凯斯勒家族成员联姻的。这是我父亲。?
马  丁:你好,凯斯勒先生。?
父  亲:你好,你是凯斯勒家族成员吗??
马  丁:不,我不是。我叫马丁·勒纳,我是记者。?
父  亲:你见过我妻子了吗??
马  丁:你好,凯斯勒太太,很高兴见到你,凯斯勒太太做什么工作??
母  亲:我是家庭妇女。?
马  丁:你的孩子多吗??
母  亲:仅有三个,我们有两个女儿一个儿子。?
马  丁:他们住在哪里??
母  亲:我儿子查克自然住在这儿了,一个女儿住在圣路易斯,一个女儿住在法哥。?
马  丁:你做什么工作,凯斯勒先生??
父  亲:我是推销员。?
马  丁:你卖什么??
父  亲:我卖玉米种子。?
马  丁:见到你很高兴。对不起,我想多见些凯斯勒家族成员。?
马  丁:你好,我叫马丁·勒纳,你是凯斯勒家族成员吗??
卡  伦:当然了,我叫凯伦·凯斯勒,这是我姐姐。?
卡德拉:我叫卡德拉,你好吗??
马  丁:我很好,谢谢。?
卡  伦:你是娶了凯斯勒家族的成员吗??
马  丁:不,不是。?
卡德拉:你结婚了吗??
马  丁:是的。?
卡  伦:你做什么工作。?
马  丁:我是记者。我可以问你一些问题吗??
卡  伦:可以。?
马  丁:你有兄弟吗??
卡  伦:没有,我只有个姐姐。?
马  丁:你结婚了吗??
卡  伦:没有,肯德拉结婚了。?

Conversation B?

MARTIN: Who is your father??
KAREN: That man.?
MARTIN: Chuck? We've met. Kendra, do you have children??
KENDRA: No, I don't. Do you have children??
MARTIN: Yes, I do.?
KENDRA: Come with me, Martin. Meet my aunt.?
MARTIN: Excuse me, Karen.?
KAREN: Good-bye.?
KENDRA: This is my aunt. Aunt Geraldine.?
GERALD: Is he a Kessler??
KENDRA: No, he isn't.?
MARTIN: I'm Martin Learner.?
GERALD: Hello.?
KENDRA: He's a reporter.?
GERALD: I'm happy to meet you.?
MARTIN: Thank you. Do you have a family??
GERALD: Of course. I have Kendra.
GERALD: I’m her aunt. And Karen. Karen is Kendra's sister.
MARTIN: We've met. I've met your brother, too.?
GERALD: You've met Chuck? Have you met his wife??
MARTIN: Yes, I have.?
GERALD: I have a sister, too.?
MARTIN: Is she here??
GERALD: Yes.?
MARTIN: Is your husband here??
GERALD: Yes.?
MARTIN: Is your sister married??
GERALD: Yes.?
MARTIN: Is her husband here??
GERALD: No, he isn't. He's working.?
MARTIN: What do you do??
GERALD: My husband and I have a small business.?
KENDRA: This is my aunt. Aunt Maxine.?
MARTIN: Hello. How are you??
MAXINE: Fine, thanks. How are you??
MARTIN: Fine, thanks.?
MAXINE: Kendra, where is your mother??
KENDRA: I don't know.?
MAXINE: Is she with your father??
KENDRA: I don't know.?
MAXINE: Please go look for her.?
KENDRA: Excuse me, Martin.?
MAXINE: Is your family here??
MARTIN: No, they aren't. They're in Baltimore.?
MAXINE: Oh, is your home in Baltimore??
MARTIN: Yes, it is.?
MAXINE: I have an uncle in Baltimore.?
KAREN: Martin, is your wife here??
MARTIN: No, she isn't. She's in Baltimore. Our home is in Baltimore.?
KAREN: Do you have any Children??
MARTIN: Yes, I do. I have one boy and one girl.?
KAREN: How old is the boy??
MARTIN: He's seventeen years old. My daughter is fourteen years old.?KAREN: Do you live in a house??
MARTIN: No, we don't. We live in an apartment. Where do you live??
KAREN: I live with my mother and father.?
MARTIN: Where is Kendra's home??
KAREN: She's in town. She lives in an apartment.?
MARTIN: May I ask some more questions about your family??
KAREN: Yes.?
MARTIN: I met two aunts. They are your father's sisters.?
KAREN: That's right.?
MARTIN: Do you have uncles??
KAREN: I have only one uncle.?
MARTIN: And I met your grandparents. They are your father's parents.?KAREN: That's right.?
MARTIN: Do you have more grandparents??
KAREN: Yes, I do. My mother's parents are living, too.?
MARTIN: Where do they live??
KAREN: They live in Florida now. They lived here. Grandfather was a farmer.
MARTIN: What do you do? Are you a farmer??
KAREN: No, I'm not. I work in town. I'm a secretary
?
Practice 2:询问有关你家庭的情况。?
Examples:  MARTIN: Where do you live??          
            KAREN: I live with my mother and father.?           
KAREN: Do you live in a house??          
MARTIN: No, we don't. We live in an apartment.?           
MARTIN: Is your sister married??           
GERALD: Yes.?           
KAREN: Do you have any children??           
MARTIN: Yes, I do. I have one boy and one girl.?

会话 B?
马  丁:你的父亲是谁??
卡  伦:那个男的。?
马  丁:查克?我们见过面,肯德拉,你有小孩吗??
卡德拉:没有,你有小孩吗??
马  丁:是的,我有小孩。?
卡德拉:马丁,跟我来,见一下我姑姑。?
马  丁:抱歉,卡伦。?
卡  伦:再见。?
卡德拉:这是我姑姑,杰拉尔丁。?
杰拉尔丁:他是凯斯勒家族成员吗??
卡德拉:不,他不是。?
马  丁:我叫马丁·勒纳。?
杰拉尔丁:你好。?
卡德拉:他是记者。?
杰拉尔丁:见到你很高兴。?
马  丁:谢谢,你家里还有其他人吗??
杰拉尔丁:当然,我有肯德拉,我是她姑姑,还有卡伦,卡伦是肯德拉的妹妹。马  丁:我们已见过面了,我也见过你兄弟了。?
杰拉尔丁:你见过查克了?你见过他的妻子吗??
马  丁:是的,见过了。?
杰拉尔丁:我还有个妹妹。?
马  丁:她在这儿吗??
杰拉尔丁:是的。?
马  丁:你的丈夫在这吗??
杰拉尔丁:是的。?
马  丁:你的妹妹结婚了吗??
杰拉尔丁:是的。?
马  丁:她的丈夫在这儿吗??
杰拉尔丁:不,他不在,他在上班。?
马  丁:你做什么工作??
杰拉尔丁:我和我丈夫开小买卖。?
卡德拉:这是我姑姑玛克辛。
马  丁:你好,你怎么样??
玛克辛:我很好,谢谢。你怎么样??
马  丁:我很好,谢谢。?
玛克辛:肯德拉,你母亲去哪儿了??
卡德拉:我不知道。?
玛克辛:她和你父亲在一起吗??
卡德拉:我不知道。?
玛克辛:请去找找她。?
卡德拉:抱歉,马丁。?
玛克辛:你的家人在这儿吗??
马  丁:不,他们在巴尔的摩。?
玛克辛:噢,你家住在巴尔的摩吗??
马  丁:是的。?
玛克辛:我有个叔叔在巴尔的摩。?
卡  伦:马丁,你的妻子在这儿吗??
马  丁:不,她不在。她在巴尔的摩,我们家在巴尔的摩。?
卡  伦:你有小孩吗??
马  丁:是的,我有一个男孩和一个女孩。?
卡  伦:男孩多大了??
马  丁:他17岁了,我女儿14岁了。?
卡  伦:你们住在单门独户的房子里吗??
马  丁:不,我们住在公寓里,你住在哪里??
卡  伦:我和我父母住在一起。?
马  丁:肯德拉的家在哪里??
卡  伦:在城里,她住在公寓里。?
马  丁:可以再问些关于你家的问题吗??
卡  伦:当然可以。?
马  丁:我见过你的两个姑姑。他们是你父亲的姐姐。?
卡  伦:是的。?
马  丁:你有叔叔吗??
卡  伦:我有1个叔叔。?
马  丁:我见过你的祖父母。他们是你父亲的父母亲。?
卡  伦:是的。?
马  丁:你有姥姥、姥爷吗??
卡  伦:是的,我的姥姥、姥爷也都在。?
马  丁:他们住在哪里??
卡  伦:他们现在佛罗里达。他们曾住过这儿。姥爷以前是农民。?
马  丁:你做什么工作?你是农民吗??
卡  伦:不是,我在城里工作,我是秘书。?

New Words and Expressions 生词和短语?

reunion    n. 团聚?
be married to  v. 娶……,嫁给……?
housewife   n. 家庭主妇?
seed corn   n. 玉米种子?
aunt    n. 姨母;姑母;伯母;婶母;舅母?
business   n. 商业;生意;商店?
look for  v. 寻找?
uncle   n. 叔父;伯父;舅父;姑丈;姨丈?
apartment   n. 公寓?
grandparents[    n. 祖父母;外祖父母?
parents    n. 双亲?
secretary   n. 秘书?

Proper Nouns 专有名词

St Louis   圣路易斯?
Fargo   法哥?


Language Points 语言要点

1 .  want, need, like 这类动词后经常要跟“to”,再加上另一个原形动词,这就是英语中的动词不定式结构,例如:?
I want to meet Mr Kessler. 我想见凯斯勒先生。?
I need to see her. 我得见她。?
I like to sing. 我喜欢唱歌。?
2 .  Excuse me. 除了在前面学过的用来搭话或插话外,当你要走开时,也要用它,以示礼貌,只不过,语调稍有变化,用降调。?
3 .  Are you married? 是用来询问对方婚姻状况,是否结婚了?一般来说,美国人的婚姻状况是属于隐私范围内的,不能轻易问,属于此范围的还有经济收入、宗教信仰、女子的年龄、体重等等。英文中嫁和娶都用同一个词,若侧重行为,用动词 marry,若侧重状态,用动词短语 be married to。例如:She married a sailor. 她嫁给了一个船员。?
Some are married to the Kesslers. 一些人与凯斯勒家族的人通婚。?

Cultural Notes  文化注释

1.英美人的女子结婚后,其姓就要改成丈夫的姓。例如:Miss Yvonne Smith 给了 Mr Chuck Kessler 后,她就要被称为 Mrs (Yvonne) Kessler。
2.美国地域辽阔,一大家人中,有人居住东部(the East),有人居住西部(the West),有人住在南部(the South)或中西部(the Middle West),平常除了彼此用电话联络感情外,如果要聚在一起叙叙旧,通常都是利用较长的假期时间,如 Christmas(圣诞节),Thanksgiving(感恩节),the Fourth of July(美国国庆日),或利用家人的生日(birthdays)的机会,来个小型家庭聚会(small family get-together)。?  
 有些家庭每隔二三年,便会固定地举行家庭聚会(family reunion),这种场合比较正式,意义也比较深远,叔叔、伯伯(uncles),姨妈、舅母(aunts),表兄弟姐妹(cousins),侄子(nephews),侄女(nieces),祖父母(grandparents)等都会设法到齐。

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